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How to prevent the cold? Some tips to avoid getting a cold

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

How to prevent the cold? Some tips to avoid getting a cold

Winter and spring are the times of the year when it is more common to catch a cold; however, you can get cold at other times of the year. It is known as a common cold because every year it affects millions of people, an adult can get 2 to 3 colds a year and a child much more.

Despite the contagious, you can take measures to prevent the cold. We give you some tips to avoid getting a cold.

What is the common cold and how it is spread

Before giving you any suggestions to prevent a cold, you must know what it is and how it is spread. The common cold is an infection caused by some respiratory viruses, with Rhinovirus being one of the most common. Among the symptoms that appear after coming into contact with the virus are: 
  • Sore throat
  • Increase in mucous sections
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Headache body-colour
You've probably been through this before, and you want to avoid these annoying symptoms as much as possible.

How the cold is spread

People who are infected transmit the virus to others through direct contact or through small drops of secretion that spread through the air. All body fluids are contaminated with the cold-causing virus so that any interaction with them will result in contagion.

You can get it if you greet the person with a cold or touch a surface that contains some of these fluids and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth. In this way, the microorganism finds the ideal gateway to start multiplying in your body.

Recommendations to avoid the cold

Usually, the common cold is self-limited, that is, you recover your health 7 to 10 days after the symptoms begin. Despite this, nobody likes to have a cold, and that's why we look for ways to prevent it.

In addition, if it does not heal properly, much more serious diseases can occur, including Bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma or any other respiratory condition. But you don't have to worry, follow the tips we will give you below to reduce the risk of having a cold.

# 1 Wash your hands with soap and water

This is a necessary but fundamental measure to prevent the cold. The hands are the parts of the body that have the most contact with contaminated fluids and where viruses can live without inconvenience.

You should wash your hands for a time not less than 20 seconds, help the children around you to adopt this custom. If you don't have soap and water available at any time, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Washing your hands will prevent you from getting sick.

# 2 Do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose but have washed your hands

Cold-causing viruses enter the body in these ways, if you take precautions, you can avoid major discomfort.

# 3 Do not approach sick people

People who already have a cold are able to transmit the virus through direct or close contact with other people. Avoid contact with them for at least the first 2 to 4 days of this process. Try as much as possible not to be in closed places where there are crowded people

# 4 Have good habits when coughing or sneezing

Whenever you sneeze or cough, you should cover your mouth with a tissue or the top of your sleeve. Remember that these viruses usually enter respiratory viruses.

# 5 Maintain a healthy life and take care of your body

If you follow a healthy diet, rich in vegetables and fruits, you will have the required contribution of vitamins and minerals. In this way, your body is strong and will have what it needs to fight different diseases, including colds.

Avoiding tobacco and other contaminants contribute to the health of your body. You should also protect yourself from the cold and temperature changes that can create the perfect atmosphere for respiratory viruses. Do not forget to bring a coat, water boots or women's katiuskas (in the case of girls), umbrellas and other accessories that protect you in winter, the time of the year where it is more common to catch a cold.

It also protects others from a cold

Not only should you take measures to prevent a cold, but you should also take care of others when you already have one. So follow these tips and avoid spreading the virus.

If you are sick with a cold, stay home. If you have children, do not send them to school or daycare.
Avoid direct contact with others, such as giving hugs, hand or kisses.
If you are going to sneeze or cough, remove yourself from others.
Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable cloth or with the top of your sleeve when you sneeze or cough.
Wash your hands well after sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose.
Disinfect objects and surfaces that you touch frequently.

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